探析格非《望春风》的行文策略与语言文字特色毕业论文_汉语言文学毕业论文

探析格非《望春风》的行文策略与语言文字特色毕业论文

2021-04-04更新

摘 要

格非作为先锋文学的代表人物,在写作手法上,以鲜明的叙事空缺对传统的叙事结构造成致命的冲击,在叙事结构的空缺和重复的不断交织之下,形成了诡谲多变,迷宫般叙事的写作特点。《望春风》以其精巧的构思,丰富的内蕴 ,成为格非继“江南三部曲”与《隐身衣》后的又一篇力作。在叙述上,格非沿用了先锋小说的叙述手法,与传统的叙述风格相结合,使其叙述手法丰富而饱满。格非以碎片化的时间构建了逐渐衰败的赵儒里村,在“讲故事”中勾画了一幅众生百态的赵儒里村村民群像。蕴含作者在时代大背景下,乡村灭亡的隐痛。本文试图结合格非以往的作品进行对比,分析《望春风》中所采用的行文策略和语言文字特色。通过对文本的分析解读,在把握文章中心意蕴的基础上,从行文策略, 语言文字的运用特色上对文章的写作手法进行进一步的分析和解读。论文主题由三大部分构成:第一部分为格非以往代表作中所呈现的写作特色及意蕴。具体结合先锋作家的写作特色,分析格非小说所具体呈现出的特色。第二部分分析格非在《望春风》中以往写作手法的沿用以及创新之处,具体分析在行文策略和语言文字上的特色。第三部分围绕《望春风》所展现出的儒里赵村民在故土消逝中所呈现出的一幅众生群像,具体分析《望春风》所蕴含的主旨,其写作手法对主旨展现的作用,评价其行文策略和语言文字特色。

关键词:望春风;写作手法;行文策略;语言特色

ABSTRACT

As a representative of pioneer literature, Fei Ge gave a fatal blow to the traditional

narrative structure with a clear narrative vacancy, and in the constant interweaving of

the vacancy and repetition of narrative structure, the strange and changeable

narrative-labyrinthic writing characteristics formed. Spring Breeze,

with its ingenious

conception and rich implications, became another effort of Fei Ge after “Jiangnan

Trilogy” and “Invisibility Cloak“. In respect of the narration, the narrative technique of

the avant-garde novel was adopted, and meanwhile, the traditional narrative style was

integrated into it, and the narrative technique was rich and full. In the, Fei Ge

constructed Zhaoruli Village which was gradually declining with fragmented time, and

an images of villagers of all shapes and sizes was drawn by telling a story.

In the

background of the times, it contains the author’s dull ache because of the village

collapse.In this paper, the writing strategy and the focus of attention in “Spring Breeze”

analyzed by comparing with Ge’s previous works. Through the analysis and

interpretation of the article, on the basis of grasping the main meanings and from the

narrative structure and the use of the language features, the writing strategy of the

article was further analyzed and interpreted. The paper is composed of three chapters:

The first chapter was about the writing characteristic and implication of Ge’s previous

representative works. The specific characteristics of Ge’ novels were discussed by

combining the writing characteristics of the pioneer writers and the background of Ge’s

creation. The second chapter was about the specific analysis of Ge’s writing strategy of

Spring Breeze, and the characteristics of the writing structure and language were

analyzed in detail. In the third chapter, based on the image of the villagers in the

vanishing of native land shown in Spring Breeze; the gist as well as the role of writing

strategies in revealing the gist was analyzed.

Key words: 《Spring Breeze》;writing skills ; writing characteristic;writing strategy

目录

中文摘要 I

ABSTRACT II

1. 格非以往作品中手法分析 .. –

1

1.1. 迷舟的“叙述空缺” .. –

1

1.2. 《褐色鸟群》的“元叙事” .. –

2

1.3. “江南三部曲”中古典诗化的语言特色 .. –

3

2. 格非《望春风》的行文策略分析 .. –

5

2.1. 写作手法的沿用——时间上的叙述 .. –

5

2.1.1. “叙述空缺”在《望春风》中的沿用 .. –

5

2.1.2. “元叙事”在《望春风》中的沿用 .. –

5

2.2. 写作手法的新变——人物上的叙述 .. –

6

2.2.1. 回归传统,重塑说书人的形象 .. –

6

2.2.2. 借鉴经典,人物判词设置 .. –

7

3. 《望春风》的语言特色分析 .. –

8

3.1. 写作手法的沿用——古典诗化的语言 .. –

8

3.2. 写作手法的新变——与古文诗词、文学文本的互文 .. –

8

4. 《望春风》的主旨内涵及写作手法的评价 .. –

10

4.1. 主旨内涵 .. –

10

4.1.1. 物质层面上乡村的消亡 .. –

10

4.1.2. 精神层面上传统文化的消亡 .. –

10

4.2. 写作手法的评价综述 .. –

11

4.2.1. 先锋手法的运用 .. –

11

4.2.2. 传统叙述的回归 .. –

11

结 论 .. –

12

参考文献 .. –

13

致 谢 .. –

14

格非以往作品中手法分析

迷舟的“叙述空缺”

格非以先锋小说开始在文坛崭露头角,早期作品极具先锋文学的特点。《迷舟》写于 1987 年,采用独特的对称式“叙述时间”的写法,使得文本呈现出更为深刻的意蕴内涵。①《迷舟》一文分为七个部分,叙述时间从三月二十一日开始,至三月二十七日结束,历经七天。作者在引言部分抛出“一九八二年三月二十一日,北伐军先头部队突然出现在兰江两岸。孙传芳部守军 31 师不战而降”的重大历史事件,将故事置于特殊的历史语境之中。

第一天:接到父亲亡故消息的萧赶回了多年未归小河村,与母亲长谈回忆过往;第二天:葬仪开始,偶遇杏,回忆与杏在榆关的往事;第三天:萧在与马三大婶的一次闲谈中无意得知,杏的丈夫三顺在外捕鱼,两天后才能回家,当天夜里萧找了杏;第四天:短短两句话的叙述,萧从杏的房间走出,三顺仍未归家; 第五天:萧出门钓鱼知前夜与杏的事东窗事发,杏被遣回榆关;第六天:萧意外获知父亲临终的对自己的遗言,前往榆关,躲过了三顺的仇杀;第七天:萧赶回小河村后,却被自己的警卫员因猜疑而被枪杀。

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