托马斯哈代作品中的自然思想毕业论文_汉语言文学毕业论文

托马斯哈代作品中的自然思想毕业论文

2021-04-07更新

摘 要

一个多世纪以来,人们对于英国作家托马斯·哈代(1848——1928)及其作品的研究从未停止过。他是一位跨世纪的文学巨匠,有着和但丁一样的独特地位, 是一位富有灵感和现代思想的伟大艺术家。随着哈代的作品越来越受到人们的重视,评论家们也开始从不同的角度对他的作品进行解读,比如宗教观、悲剧、性别、自然思想等等。本文通过研究哈代的文学创作来分析哈代作品中的自然思想。首先,本文分析了托马斯·哈代的学习成长经历及其生活环境与他创作之间的联系,主要从崇尚自然的创作理念的成因、故乡的自然环境以及和女性的交往三个方面来具体阐述,旨在从根源上理解哈代作品中自然思想的来源;其次,介绍了自然思想在英国文学中的发展脉络,从而得出托马斯·哈代作品中的自然思想在当时的英国既有超前性、代表性,也有普世性;接着,本文通过讨论自然思想在托马斯·哈代作品中的具体体现来阐述哈代的自然观,并结合具体作品进行分析, 小说中的自然思想主要结合《德伯家的苔丝》、《还乡》来做具体介绍;诗歌中的自然思想主要结合《转化》、《一个十一月的夜晚》、《忠诚的燕子》和《黑暗中的鸫鸟》来做具体的介绍;最后,探讨了哈代作品中的自然思想对二十世纪现代主义文学,特别是自然主义文学作品的影响。本文旨在让大家对托马斯·哈代作品中的自然思想有一个更好的理解,并且对它的意义有一个更透彻的领悟。

关键词:托马斯·哈代 学习经历 自然场景 自然思想

The natural thought in Thomas Hardy’s works

ABSTRACT

More than a century, people United Kingdom writer Thomas Hardy (1848–1928) and its research work has never stopped. He is a cross-century literary giants, and Dante’s unique position, is an inspirational and great artists of modern thought. With Hardy’s work attracted more and more attention, commentators also interpreted from different perspectives on his work, such as religion, tragedy, sex, nature ideas, and so on. Based on the analysis of Thomas Hardy’s literary creation to Hardy’s idea of nature in the works. First, paper analysis has Thomas Hardy of learning growth experience and life environment and he creation Zhijian of contact, main from advocate natural of creation concept of causes, and home of natural environment and and women of contacts three a aspects to specific described, aimed at from roots Shang understanding Hardy works in the natural thought of source; second, introduced has natural thought in United Kingdom literature in the of development context, to obtained Thomas Hardy works in the of natural thought in at of United Kingdom both advanced, and representative, also has universal sex; then, Paper through discussion natural thought in Thomas Hardy works in the of specific reflected to described Hardy of nature, and combined specific works for analysis, novel in the of natural thought main combined Deb home of MOSS silk, and return to do specific introduced; poetry in the of natural thought main combined into, and a November of night, and loyalty of swallows and dark in the of thrush bird to do specific of introduced; last, discussion has HA generation works in the of natural thought on 20th century modern doctrine literature, In particular the influence of naturalist literature. This paper aims to let everyone in on Thomas Hardy’s works are thought to have a better understanding of nature, and have a better understanding of its meaning.

Key words:Thomas Hardy Learning experience Natural scene Natural thought

目 录

  1. 、托马斯·哈代的生平与其创作之间的联系 2
    1. 哈代崇尚自然的创作理念的成因 2
    2. 故乡的自然环境为其创作提供了舞台 3
    3. 在和女性的交往中发现了大自然和女性之间的纽带 4
  2. 、自然思想在英国文学中的发展脉络 6
    1. 萌芽阶段 6
    2. 发展阶段 6
    3. 成熟阶段 6
  3. 、自然思想在托马斯·哈代作品中的具体体现 8
    1. 托马斯·哈代小说中的自然思想 8
      1. 自然景色是人物命运的写照 8
      2. 自然界的变化和人物命运的变化紧密结合 9
      3. 自然是评判人物的标准 10
    2. 托马斯·哈代诗歌中的自然思想 12
      1. 回归自然 12

3.2.1 尊重自然 13

3.2.1 具有双重性 14

    1. 托马斯·哈代诗剧中的自然思想——尊重自然规律 16
  1. 、托马斯·哈代作品中的自然思想对后世的影响 17

结论 18

致谢 19

参考文献 20

前 言

托马斯·哈代,英国小说家、诗人。是英国在 19 世纪转折时期重要的批判现

实主义的代表,是 19 世纪后 30 年代英国文学史上的领军人物。作为一名小说家, 托马斯·哈代的一生发表了近二十篇小说,其中比较著名的当属《威塞克斯小说》。

《威塞克斯小说》中的全部作品分为三大类,“罗曼史和幻想”、“爱情和阴谋小说”、“性格与环境小说”1。大体说来,他的“性格和环境”小说,意在探讨人,包括探讨自然与社会的关系:摩擦、冲突。它们代表了哈代小说创作的最高成就。2小说创作初期,这部分作品给托马斯·哈代在世界文坛带来了无比巨大的荣誉。这些小说大部分以托马斯·哈代家乡的自然环境为背景,既展示了英国农村的恬静景象,也表达了哈代的自然思想。作为一名诗人,托马斯·哈代通过他的诗歌表达着对人与人之间、人与自然之间的融合的期待,他早期和晚期的抒情诗歌深刻的体现了希望结束人类痛苦、走向美好生活的创作理想。托马斯·哈代的创作横跨了两个世纪,作品具有极大的跨时代意义,其中的自然思想对当下的人们依旧有很大的借鉴作用。作文一个生活在新旧交替的时代的文学大家,作品中渗透的哲学思想启示着一代又一代的人们:文明的发展要致力于提升人的精神需求。

1 胡晖.《从《德伯家的苔丝》看英国乡土文化》.河南财政税务高等专科学校.2013.9:58.59

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