纳兰性德词的风格研究毕业论文_汉语言文学毕业论文

纳兰性德词的风格研究毕业论文

2021-04-04更新

摘 要

ABSTRACT…………………………………………………………………………………………………..

前言…………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

  1. 国初第一词人 1
    1. 显赫的纳兰家族 1
    2. 短暂而灿烂的一生 1
  2. 纳兰性德词的风格类型 3
    1. 哀感顽艳、凄清真切:相思情愫与伤逝悼亡之作 5
    2. 悲凉落寞、苍凉清怨:别离伤痛与羁旅炎凉之作 6
    3. 自然超逸、悲感伤情:自然风光与塞外景致之作 7
    4. 苍凉慷慨、朴实意切:咏史怀古与酬朋赠友之作 8
  3. 纳兰性德词风的成因探析 11
    1. 纳兰明珠对纳兰性德的影响 11
      1. 重视满汉文化的交融 11
      2. 重视纳兰的求师交友之道 11
    2. 爱情与婚姻对纳兰性德的影响 12
      1. 求而不得 12
      2. 痛苦遭遇 13
      3. 擦肩而过 14
    3. 仕途经历对纳兰性德的影响 14
      1. 羁旅行役 14
      2. 别离幽恨 15

结 语 16

参考文献 17

致 谢 19

摘 要

纳兰性德词所涉及的范围广泛,其词风格以哀感顽艳、朴实意切著称,素来为世人所喜爱。本文一共分为三章来论述:第一章论述的是纳兰性德的家族背景与生平。纳兰性德家族显赫,富贵尊荣,而良好的家族背景和严格的教育加上纳兰性德天资聪颖使得他一生官至康熙的一等侍卫,所著词集家家争唱。纳兰一生敏而好学,文武皆佳,北宋以来,一人而已。第二章论述的是纳兰性德词的艺术风格类型。纳兰词内容丰富,风格多变,本章将纳兰性德词根据内容大致分为四类:相思情愫与伤逝悼亡之作,别离伤痛与羁旅炎凉之作,自然风光与塞外景致之作,咏史怀古与酬朋赠友之作。通过解析这些词作,可以看出,纳兰性德词具有哀感顽艳、苍凉清怨、自然超逸、朴实意切的艺术风格。第三章着重探析纳兰性德词的风格的形成原因。主要分析纳兰显赫的家族背景、严格的家庭教育、曲折的爱情经历、悲惨的婚姻生活和蹭蹬的仕途经历等几个方面,浅析这些因素对纳兰性德创作词和形成多样风格的影响。

关键词:纳兰性德;词;艺术风格;成因

ABSTRACT

Nalan Xingde’s Ci-poetry covers a wide range, and its style is famous for its sadness, stubbornness and sincerity. Nalan’s words have always been loved by the world .This article is divided into three parts:the first chapter deals with Narancid’s family background and lifetime. Nalan Xingde’s family was distinguished, rich and honorable, and his good family background and strict education combined with Nalan Xingde’s talent and intelligence made him official to Kangxi’s first-class bodyguard,

and his poetry collectors were popular among pepole. Nalan was keen and eager to learn all his life. He was good at both literature and martial arts. Since the Northern Song Dynasty, he was only one person. The second chapter discusses the artistic style of Nalan Xingde’s Ci. Nalan’s Ci is rich in content and changeable in style. This chapter divides Nalan’s Ci into four categories according to its content: Acacia and Mourning for the Dead, Separation from Pain and Detention, Natural Landscape and External Scene, Singing History, Remembering Ancient Times and Rewarding Friends. By analyzing these poems, we can see that Nalan Xingde’s poems have the artistic style of sadness and stubbornness, desolation and plainness.The third chapter focuses on the formation of Nalan Xingde’s Ci style. This paper mainly analyses Nalan’s eminent family background, strict family education, tortuous love experience, miserable marriage life, and ruthless career experience. It also analyses the influence of these factors on Nalan’s ci-poems and the formation of various styles.

Key words: Nalan Xingde; Ci Poetry;Style of Art;Cause

前言

在中国文学史上,“纳兰词”光采夺目。纳兰词是清代著名词人纳兰性德的作品,在清代则享有极高的声誉。纳兰性德天资聪颖,才华横溢,他所创作的词呈现出鲜明的个性特征和多样的艺术风格。

当前,对纳兰词的研究成果颇丰,而本篇论文的研究资料来源于国内诸多研究纳兰性德和纳兰词的名家书籍、著作、学报、期刊等等,从这些已经掌握的文献资料来看,现代文学对纳兰词的研究已经使得纳兰词走上了科学化的道路,充分显示了本课题具有的研究价值。

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