论南宋词人蒋捷的遗民情怀毕业论文_汉语言文学毕业论文

论南宋词人蒋捷的遗民情怀毕业论文

2021-04-03更新

摘 要

ABSTRACT Ⅱ

1 前言 – 1 –

1.1相关背景及概念 – 1 –

1.2相关研究进展 – 2 –

2 《竹山词》中遗民情怀的具体内涵 – 3 –

2.1 漂泊离乱,亡国苦痛 – 3 –

2.2 今非昔比,怀念故国 – 4 –

2.3 香草美人,抱节守志 – 5 –

3 蒋捷遗民情怀成因 – 7 –

3.1 蒋捷的家世 – 7 –

3.1.1 一门五牧 – 8 –

3.1.2 理学的家学传统 – 8 –

3.1.3 忠君爱国的传统 – 9 –

3.2 蒋捷生平及个人经历 – 9 –

3.2.1 生平事迹 – 10 –

3.2.2 交游情况 – 11 –

3.3 社会环境 – 12 –

4 蒋捷遗民情怀对后代影响 – 14 –

4.1 阳羡词派 – 14 –

4.2 浙西词派 – 15 –

结 论 – 17 –

参考文献 – 18 –

致 谢 – 19 –

摘要

南宋词人蒋捷与王沂孙、张炎、周密并称为“宋末四大家”。经历了宋元易代,作为一名遗民词人,蒋捷义不仕元,其遗民情怀为后世评论者所赞誉,在其词集《竹山词》中亦多有体现。文章以蒋捷的遗民情怀为研究对象,采用查找文献的方法全面展开研究。

全文共分为五个部分。第一章为前言部分,主要介绍对蒋捷遗民情怀的研究背景和相关的研究进展,同时规范界定“遗民”的概念。第二章为《竹山词》中遗民情怀的具体内涵,通过大量比较分析词作,《竹山词》中遗民情怀可具化为三点:其一,漂泊离乱,亡国苦痛;其二,今非昔比,故国之思;其三,香草美人,抱节守志。第三章是蒋捷遗民情怀成因,从蒋捷的家世、蒋捷生平及个人经历、社会环境三个部分展开论述,分层探究词人一生抉择的背后意蕴与其必然性。第四章为蒋捷遗民情怀对后世的影响,分析明末清初阳羡词派和浙西词派对蒋捷遗民情怀的继承与发展。最后一章是结语部分,主要对蒋捷的人生历程进行了总览,并且对遗民情怀在其生活和诗词创作中的意义进行了综述。

关键词:蒋捷;《竹山词》;遗民情怀

ABSTRACT

Jiang Jie, together with Wang Yisun, Zhang Yan, Zhou Mi, was known as the ‘Four Master of Song’ in the southern Song Dynasty. As a subject of the Former Dynasty, Jiang Jie witnessed the alternation of the two dynasties. However, he kept his moral principle and refused to submit to the new country. His mental state, which is the aim of research, was reflected in his Zhu Shan Ci-poetry and praised by the critics in the later generations. This article adopts the method of searching literature to conduct a comprehensive study.

This paper is divided into five sections. The first chapter is the introduction and this part will sort out the research background and relevant achievements of the study of Jiang Jie’s mental state. Also, the concept of ‘subject of Former Dynasty’ will be regularly defined. The second chapter will elaborate the ideological implication on the basis of the Zhu Shan Ci-poetry. By compared a certain number of Jiang Jie’s poetries, the mental state in Zhu Shan Ci-poetry can be divided into three points. First, Jiang Jie’s long vagrancy and pain. Second, Jiang Jie’s deep loyalty to his former country. Third, his persistence in pure and noble spirit and moral principle. The third chapter will trace the causes of Jiang Jie’s mental state of the Former Dynasty and explore the meaning and inevitability of his life choice by discussing Jiang Jie’s family background, personal life and experiences and historical environment. The forth chapter will discuss the impact of Jiang Jie’s mental state on later generations. Take Yangxian Ci School ang West Zhejiang School of Ci Poetry for example.The last chapter is the conclusion which gives a general overview of Jiang Jie’s life experience. The meaning of mental state in his life and poetry creation will also be talked about in this chapter.

Keywords:Jiang Jie; Zhu Shan Ci-poetry;feelings of being an adherent of a former dyansty

前言

1.1相关背景及概念

随着社会文明的不断提高,文化软实力成为衡量综合国力的重要指标。“落其实者思其树,饮其流者怀其源。”当代中华文化的发展应基于源远流长的优秀传统文化,宋词便是其中不可或缺的代表。

蒋捷,南宋末年著名爱国主义词人,转益多师的创作选择,别开生面的词风,使得他在南宋词坛上独树一帜。在经历朝堂更迭之后,他选择浪迹江湖,入元不仕,抱节终身。若遇朝代更迭,江山易主,动荡的社会往往会涌现出一群坚守气节,不入新朝为官的士人,他们大多被称为“遗民”。一方面,遗民群体所处时代背景各不相同,“遗民”这个概念因沧桑易代内涵不断发展;另一方面,他们所选择的生活方式大多为隐居或漂泊江湖,所留下来的材料十分零散,因此“遗民”这个概念具有不确定性,常与“隐士”、“逸士”、“高士”、“逸民”等词混淆。

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