生态语言学视角下的辞书动物词释义对比分析毕业论文_汉语言文学毕业论文

生态语言学视角下的辞书动物词释义对比分析毕业论文

2021-04-02更新

摘 要

Abbstract……………………………………………………………………………………………4

1.引言…………………………………………………………………………………………5

2. 生态与语言生态与生态语言学………………………………………………………………5

2.1.语言生态…………………………………………………………………………………5

2.2.生态语言学…………………………………………………………………………………6

3.从辞书中看人类饲养的动物……………………………………………………………………6

3.1家畜类…………………………………………………………………………………………7

3.1.1 猪…………………………………………………………………………………8

3.1.2 羊…………………………………………………………………………………9

3.1.3 牛…………………………………………………………………………………9

3.1.4 马…………………………………………………………………………………10

3.1.5 驴…………………………………………………………………………………11

3.1.6 骡…………………………………………………………………………………11

3.1.7 兔…………………………………………………………………………………12

3.2宠物类………………………………………………………………………………………13

3.2.1 狗…………………………………………………………………………………13

3.2.2 猫…………………………………………………………………………………14

3.3有关家养动物的结论………………………………………………………………………14

4.从辞书中看野生动物……………………………………………………………………………16

4.1.1.猴……………………………………………………………………………………17

4.1.2.鹿……………………………………………………………………………………17

4.1.3.象……………………………………………………………………………………18

4.1.4.熊……………………………………………………………………………………19

4.1.5.虎……………………………………………………………………………………20

4.1.6.豹……………………………………………………………………………………20

4.1.7.豺……………………………………………………………………………………21

4.1.8.狼……………………………………………………………………………………21

4.1.9.狐……………………………………………………………………………………22

4.1.10.鼠……………………………………………………………………………………23

4.1.11.黄鼬……………………………………………………………………………………24

4.2有关野生动物的结论………………………………………………………………………25

结论………………………………………………………………………………………………25

参考文献………………………………………………………………………………………27

致谢………………………………………………………………………………………28

生态语言学视角下的辞书动物词释义对比分析

中文摘要

解释词义是词典的主要内容,将不同的辞典释义进行比较,观其同,辨其异,对释义理论、词义学的研究都有帮助。释义的比较可以从不同的方面来进行,例如比较古今词典的释义,比较不同类型词典的释义,比较不同性质词语的释义等。生态语言学是近些年兴起的,研究生物与其环境之间的相互关系和相互作用的新学科。本文在生态语言学视角下,通过比较中外比较有影响的几部词典对动物词语的现代意义的解释,说明当今生态语言学观念在辞书释义中的表现,进而探讨辞书释义的不足和有待于完善的地方,以期对以后的辞书编纂提供参考意见。

关键词:生态语言学;辞书释义;对比分析;

A Contrastive Analysis of Animal Words in Dictionaries from the Perspective of Ecolinguistics

ABSTRACT

Interpretation of word meaning is the main content of dictionary. Comparing different dictionary definitions, observing their similarities and differentiating their differences are helpful to the study of interpretation theory and lexical semantics. The comparison of definitions can be carried out from different aspects, such as comparing the definitions of ancient and modern dictionaries, comparing the definitions of different types of dictionaries and comparing the definitions of different kinds of words. Ecolinguistics is a new discipline emerging in recent years, which studies the relationship and interaction between organisms and their environment. From the perspective of Ecolinguistics, this paper compares the interpretation of animal words in several dictionaries which are more influential in China and foreign countries, illustrates the expression of Ecolinguistics concepts in dictionary interpretation, and further explores the inadequacies and areas to be improved in dictionary interpretation, with a view to providing reference for future dictionary compilation.

Key words:Ecolinguistics; Interpretation of word meaning; A contrastive analysis

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