叠连式应答词的语用功能分析毕业论文_汉语言文学毕业论文

叠连式应答词的语用功能分析毕业论文

2021-04-06更新

摘 要

应答词是用来表示应答功能的词语,是现代汉语言语交际中不可缺少的部分。数量繁多和形式丰富的应答词所表示的语用功能也根据语境的变化产生差异,同一个应答词的不同形式标记的用法也各有偏重。

本论文基于北京语言大学语料库,从语用学角度,综合现代语言学及现代汉语理论, 对口语交际中出现的可以叠连的应答词所承担的话语功能进行讨论。根据应答词的分类,本文主要以单字应答词原式的叠连形式为切入点,选取了在口语交际中使用频率较高的四个应答词。

文章以单字应答词“好”“是”“对”“行”的三次叠连形式为例,采用话语分析的方法,结合具体的语境,阐述它们可以表示的语用功能。根据对语料库的检索、比对和分析,四个应答词的叠连形式表示的语用功能存在着共性和差异。原式表示肯定应答的词语经过叠连后,不仅可以表示肯定的积极应答,还可以用来表示消极应答功能,而且四个应答词叠连形式在具体的语料中侧重表达的语用含义也有所不同。通过对叠连形式应答词所出现的话轮和语境的分析,可以更好的认识言语反馈系统。

关键词:应答词;叠连式;语用功能

Pragmatic Function Analysis of Reiterative Response Words

ABSTRACT

The response word is used to express the answer in a dialogue, which is the indispensable part of modern Chinese verbal communication system. The pragmatic functions expressed by a large number of forms and abundant responses are also different according to the changes in the context. Moreover, the use of different forms of one same response is also emphasized.

Based on the corpus of Beijing Language and Culture University, this paper discusses the discourse function which can be cascaded in the oral communication from the perspective of pragmatics, comprehensive modern linguistics and modern Chinese theory. According to the classification of the response words, this paper mainly uses the reiterative form of the single word response word as the starting point, and selects four response words with high frequency of spoken language communication.

This paper uses the method of discourse analysis and combines the specific context to describe the pragmatic functions that can be expressed in the three reiterative forms of the response words. According to the retrieval, comparison and analysis of the corpus, the pragmatic functions of the four response words are common and different. The original expressive affirmative words after stacking, not only can affirm positive positive response, but also can be used to express the negative response function, and the four response words stacked form in the specific corpus focused on the expression of the pragmatic meaning also different. The speech feedback system can be better understood by analyzing the turn and context of the cascading replies.

Key words: Response Words;Reiterative;Pragmatic Function

目 录

摘 要 2

ABSTRACT 3

引 言 .. –

1

0.1 研究对象 .. –

1

0.2 选题缘由 .. –

1

0.3 研究概况 .. –

2

0.4 研究方法 .. –

2

0.5 语料来源 .. –

3

1 应答词的叠连形式 .. –

3

1.1 叠连形式与重叠形式 .. –

3

1.2 应答词的叠连形式 .. –

4

2

“好”叠连形式的语用功能 .. –

4

2.1 “好好好”的积极应答功能 .. –

5

2.1.1 赞同功能 .. –

5

2.1.2 接受功能 .. –

5

2.1.3 应允功能 .. –

6

2.2 “好好好”的消极应答功能 .. –

7

2.2.1 礼貌功能 .. –

7

2.2.2 让步功能 .. –

8

2.2.3 反语功能 .. –

8

3

“是”叠连形式的语用功能 .. –

9

3.1 “是是是”的积极应答功能 .. –

9

3.1.1 赞同功能 .. –

9

3.1.2 接受功能 …………………………………………………….. – 10 –

3.1.3 确认功能 …………………………………………………….. – 10 –

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