论蒲松龄《聊斋志异》中的男狐形象毕业论文_汉语言文学毕业论文

论蒲松龄《聊斋志异》中的男狐形象毕业论文

2021-04-04更新

摘 要

ABSTRACT

  1. 前言 1
  2. 男狐形象的创作背景 2
    1. 狐形象的人性化 2
      1. 中国狐形象 2
      2. 外国狐形象——以日本为例 3
    2. 蒲松龄的现实处境 4

3《聊斋志异》中的男狐形象 5

    1. 男狐之狐少年 5
      1. 明眸皓齿,赏心悦目 6
      2. 温润如玉,重情重义 6
      3. 禀性难移,白玉微瑕 6
    2. 男狐之狐青年 7
      1. 古灵精怪,兼具憨态 7
      2. 无由祟人,自取其祸 7
    3. 男狐之狐叟 7
      1. 温文儒雅,合乎礼数 8
      2. 博洽多闻,与人为善 8
      3. 通天彻地,妖性犹存 9
  1. 男狐形象的解析 9
    1. 男狐形象于《聊斋志异》的意义 9
      1. 以狐为友,寻觅知音 9
      2. 以狐为迹,推动故事 10
      3. 以狐讽实,寄寓情感 10

结 论 12

参考文献 13

致 谢 14

摘 要

在蒲松龄所塑造的奇幻精神花园——《聊斋志异》中,有着姿态各异、性格鲜明的人、鬼、妖、魔,其中令人久久不忘的自然是那些千姿百态、性格迥异的狐。历来《聊斋志异》关于狐的研究多围绕蒲松龄塑造的众多经典狐女形象展开,天真无邪的婴宁、温柔善良的小翠、善解人意的红玉,这些千娇百媚、顾盼生姿的狐女无疑是蒲松龄构建的精神花园里的重要元素。然而,蒲松龄不仅描写狐女,还刻画着男狐。聊斋中涵盖狐故事的篇章达八十篇左右,其中出现男狐的篇章有二十多篇。虽然男狐在聊斋中出现的频率较低,不如狐女一般家喻户晓,但依然有其重要的地位与文学意义。不仅因为男狐是蒲松龄对狐狸形象的一种突破,也因为男狐形象的塑造在相当程度上反映了蒲松龄的思想观念、精神世界。不难看到,聊斋中的男狐形象是非常丰满立体的多是与人为善且爱打抱不平的。本文从男狐形象的创作背景、《聊斋志异》中的男狐形象、男狐形象的解析三方面逐层深入解读蒲松龄与男狐形象之间的联系,并结合历史文献、蒲松龄所处社会时代,更深入挖掘蒲松龄在男狐身上寄寓的情感和理想,打破真实与理想之间的界限,探索男狐形象存在的真正意义。

关键词:《聊斋志异》;蒲松龄;男狐形象;志怪

ABSTRACT

In the fantasy garden of Pu Songling, Strange Tales from a Lonely Studio, there are people with different postures and distinctive characters, ghosts, demons, and demons. The long-lasting nature is the foxes with different characteristics and different personalities. . The research on fox in “Strange Tales from a Lonely Studio” has mostly been carried out around the image of many classic foxes that Pu Songling has created. The innocent and innocent baby, the gentle and kind-hearted Xiaocui, the understanding of the red jade, these charming, looking forward-looking The fox woman is undoubtedly an important element in the spiritual garden built by Pu Songling. However, Pu Songling not only describes the fox girl, but also depicts the male fox. There are about 80 chapters covering the story of fox in Liaozhai, and there are more than 20 chapters in the male fox. Although the frequency of male foxes in Liaozhai is lower than that of foxes, it still has important status and literary significance. Not only because the male fox is a breakthrough of Pu Songling’s image of the fox, but also because the male fox image reflects the ideological concept and spiritual world of Pu Songling to a considerable extent. It is not difficult to see that the male foxes in Liao Zhai are mostly good at people and love to fight against each other. This article deeply interprets Pu Songling from the background of male fox image creation, the image of male fox in “Strange Tales from a Lonely Studio” and the analysis of male fox image. The connection with the male fox image, combined with historical documents and the social era in which Pu Songling was located, further explores the emotions and ideals of Pu Songling’s body in the male fox, breaks the boundary between reality and ideal, and explores the existence of the male fox image. The true meaning.

Key words:Strange Tales from a Lonely Studio; Pu Songling; image of male fox;fantasies

1 前言

蒲松龄的《聊斋志异》一出世便是万口传诵的志怪小说,鲁迅甚至以“明末志怪群书,大抵简略,又多荒怪,诞而不情。《聊斋志异》独于详尽之外,示以平常,使花妖狐魅,多具人情,和易可亲,忘为异类”1 对其进行高度评价。《聊斋志异》里谈狐话鬼、千奇百怪之事无所不有,都渊源于民间的异闻传说,在相当程度上反映着蒲松龄所处生活时代的社会矛盾,同时其熔铸蒲松龄的思想观念、精神世界,寄托民间百姓的情感与理想,确实可谓是中国古典小说中的专集之最著名者。

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