《儿女英雄传》量词研究毕业论文_汉语言文学毕业论文

《儿女英雄传》量词研究毕业论文

2021-04-03更新

摘 要

本文属于近代汉语专书语法研究范畴,使用共时描写与历时分析相结合,定量分析与定性分析相结合,系统研究与个案分析相结合的方法,对《儿女英雄传》中的量词进行了穷尽式分类描写和多角度分析,试图从中找到某些有关量词的使用与发展方面的规律,以丰富汉语发展史有关方面的内容。全文除前言和结语外共有四章,前言部分包括研究价值、研究方法、背景理论、语料来源等内容;第一章是概述,内容包括量词的界定、发展及分类;第二章是《儿女英雄传》量词的构成系统:物量词、动量词、兼职量词、……,第三章是《儿女英雄传》量词的功能,共分为三种:计量功能、修辞功能、指代功能;第四章属于个案分析, 以个体量词“个”为代表,对其使用情况进行具体考察;最后得出本文的结论:《儿女英雄传》量词系统是一个继承与发展并重的词汇系统,其内部的发展也不平衡,与现代汉语量词系统相比,呈现出一些过度时期的语言特点。

关键词:《儿女英雄传》;量词;共时描写;量词功能;发展状况

A study on the Quantifiers in “Ernv Yingxiong Zhuan”

Abstract

The scope of this study belongs to the modern Chinese in the special book grammar research, the synchronic description and diachronic analysis combination, combination of quantitative analysis and qualitative analysis, system research and case analysis of a combination of research methods, on the biography of Ernv Yingxiong Zhuan of quantifiers were example describes the classification and multi dimension analysis.Try to find out the rules of the use of relevant words, so as to enrich the history of the development of the role of Chinese.This thesis consists of four chapters besides the preface and the conclusion.The preface includes the research value, research method, background theory, the source of the corpus and so on;The second chapter is an overview of the development, including the development of classifiers, the naming of classifiers, the classification of classifiers;The third chapter is the function of quantifiers in Ernv Yingxiong Zhuan, including measurement function, rhetoric function, modification function, and the function of reference;The fourth chapter is the case analysis,The use of a word “a” as the representative of the specific investigation;Finally, draw the conclusion of this paper:Ernv Yingxiong Zhuan quantifiers system is an inheritance and development of the word system,its internal development is not balanced,compared with the modern Chinese measure words system, the language features in some transitional period are presented.

Key words: Ernv Yingxiong Zhuan; Classifier;Synchronic description;Function of measure words;Development situation

目 录

绪 论 .- 1 –

1 量词的界定、发展及分类…………………………………………………………………………………………………… – 2 –

1.1 量词的界定………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. – 2 –

1.2 量词的发展………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. – 2 –

1.3 量词的分类………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. – 2 –

2 《儿女英雄传》中量词构成系统………………………………………………………………………………………… – 4 –

2.1 物量词…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. – 4 –

2.1.2 个体量词…………………………………………………………………………………………………… – 7 –

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