论毕飞宇小说《推拿》中的盲人形象毕业论文_汉语言文学毕业论文

论毕飞宇小说《推拿》中的盲人形象毕业论文

2021-04-03更新

摘 要

毕飞宇的《推拿》将盲人群体以文学的方式呈现在我们面前。这部匠心之作荣获第八届茅盾文学奖,也显示出外界对于这部作品的认可与关注。全书共22.4万字,细腻深刻的勾勒出盲人的生活与他们丰富的内心世界。这部作品的成功,离不开毕飞宇对于其中角色的塑造。一个个性格各异命运不同的盲人,他们的喜怒哀乐、他们的身不由己、他们的坚强自尊,都给读者留下深刻的印象。更为巧妙的是,书中多处出现了盲人与健全人之间的对比[1],让人不禁深思:到底谁才是真正的“盲人”。本论文从“盲人形象”出发,深入探究每双盲眼背后的澎湃力量:对生活的热情、对尊严的捍卫、对幸福的追求,由此将“盲人群体”作为一个独立的审美客体,去欣赏它所呈现出的独特力量。同时,也从中选取个别具有代表性的盲人形象,深入分析其性格特征和内心世界。事实上,在毕飞宇的笔下,盲人是有眼睛的。他们对世界、时间和美等概念有着自己的理解。走进他们的内心世界,我们看见的是完全不同的人生图景。

关键词:毕飞宇;《推拿》;盲人;茅盾文学奖

The blind in《Tui Na》

ABSTRACT

《Tui Na》, a novel written by Bi Feiyu, has focused on the blind for the first time in Chinese literature. This work was awarded the eighth Mao Dun Literature Awards, also showed the recognition and attention from the literary industry. A total of 224000 words have been used to draw the outline of the life of the blind with their rich inner world. The success of this work is related to the character’s shape. Individual characteristic and different destiny of the blind have appeared in front of us. Their joys and sorrows, self-esteem and strong self-respect have shocked readers’ hearts. More ingeniously, there are many contrasts between healthy people and the blind, which let us thinking: who is “blind”?

This thesis is based on “the image of the blind”, and discovers the strong force behind every blind person: the passion for life, the defense for the self-esteem and the pursuit for happiness. From this angle, the blind becomes an independent aesthetic object, and we can enjoy the unique strength from that. At the same time, this paper also chooses some representative blind people and analyzes their characteristic and inward thoughts. In fact, Bi Feiyu told us that the blind have eyesight. They have unique understandings of the world, beauty, time and so on. Entering into their inner world, and you will find different scene.

Keywords:Bi Feiyu;《Tui Na》;the blind;Mao Dun Literature Awards

目录

1作品概述………………………………………………………………………………………1

2 《推拿》中的几类盲人形象………………………………………………………………………………3

2.1自尊型…………………………………………………………………………………………………….3

2.2执拗型…………………………………………………………………………………………………….5

2.3为爱坚守型……………………………………………………………………………………………….7

3 《推拿》对盲人的描写手法………………………………………………………………………………9

3.1 碎片化叙述……………………………………………………………………………..……..………….9

3.2 修辞手法的运用……………………………………………………………………………..……………9

3.2.1 比喻……………………………………………………………………………..…………………………..9

3.2.2 排比……………………………………………………………………………..…………………………10

3.3 对感情的细腻刻画……………………………………………………………………………..………10

结论…………………………………………………………………………………………………………11

致谢…………………………………………………………………………………………………………12

参考文献……………………………………………………………………………………………………13

1、作品概述

毕飞宇凭借中篇小说《孤岛》进入文坛。其早年有许多文革题材的作品,且善用儿童视角,如《怀念妹妹小青》等。这些作品感情真挚,文笔朴实,今天读来依然很有魅力。每个作家都有只属于自己的创作根基,毕飞宇的则是王家庄。在这个名不见经传的小小村落里,人间的喜怒哀乐正在鲜活上演。除了文革叙事本身的记录性,其作品中还涌现出大批极具代表性的人物。如《平原》中的端方、吴蔓玲,《玉米》中的玉家姐妹。甚至,有些特有的女性形象可以归为同一个系列,那就是“被损害者”。毕飞宇在刻画这些人物形象时是不遗余力的,也是充满感情的。因此毕飞宇被广泛的称为“懂女人的男作家”,更被誉为“写女性心理最好的男作家”。毕飞宇是“文革”的亲历者,这段历史曾经装点着他整个青少年时期。因此,在这种历史背景下展开的作品也成为毕飞宇文学创造史上的一大里程碑。

《平原》、《玉米》系列是毕飞宇对通常的“集体”记忆的重新叙述,是对灾难“长度”、是对协同制造罪恶的正视、是对“无名恶者”的追索,也是对历史记忆和人性黑暗的重新认知。[2]

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