论现代汉语词汇中的英语外来词研究毕业论文_汉语言文学毕业论文

论现代汉语词汇中的英语外来词研究毕业论文

2021-04-02更新

摘 要

ABSTRACT……………………………………………………………………………………..2

一、绪论…….………………………………………………………………………………..1

二、外来词历史演变…………………………………………………………………………….3

三、现代汉语中英语外来词类型……………………………………………………………….6

四、英语外来词在现代汉语中的影响…………………………………………………………………….10

五、结束语………………………………………………………………………………………………………..12

六、参考文献……………………………………………………………………………………………………..13

七、致谢……………………………………………………………………………………………………………15

中文摘要

语言交流是双向的,随着经济全球化进程加快,中国国力的提升,汉语逐渐成为一门国际性语言。改革开放以来,我国的对外开放程度越来越高,涉及多范围、宽领域。由经济、政治、文化涉及到生活方方面面。新事物的出现、科学技术的发展、网络技术的进步对交际提出了新的要求,从而不断丰富了现代汉语词汇。

本文以近十年来收入汉语词汇中的英语外来词为载体,从现代汉语中英语外来词的引入方式、对丰富汉语词汇的作用以及对日常交流的影响等方面进行研究。对外来词的语言功能、文化功能以及社会功能进行分析,在观察和分析大量语料的基础上,从而发现了目前中国英语外来词的使用中呈现的一些新的特征,以及英语外来词在使用中存在的问题。本文主要从以下五个方面进行论述:

(一)前言:该部分着重介绍国内对外来词的定义、外来词的研究状况。并对这一选题的意义、价值做简要阐述。

(二)以近十年来进入汉语词汇系统的英语外来词为载体结合所学的词汇知识,对英语外来词的构成进行分析。

(三)对最常见、最熟悉的字母词进行分析,考察字母词在语音、构词和语义上的汉化。

(四)论述英语外来词汇对丰富汉语词汇的意义。

(五)结语:对全文进行总结,指出英语外来词具有英汉两种语言的特性。

关键词:英语外来词;类型;外来词的影响

ABSTRACT

 

The effect of languages is mutual. With the development of economic globalization and the improvement of national strength, Chinese has gradually become an international language. Since the introduce of reform and opening up policy, the degree of China’s opening to the outside world has become more and more high, involving a wide range of areas from economy, politics,culture and all

aspects in life. The emergence of new things, the development of science and technology and the advance of network technology put forward new requirements to communication, which constantly enriches the vocabulary of modern Chinese.

This paper takes the English loanwords which are added in Chinese vocabulary in recent ten years as the carrier, and studies some aspects such as the introduction of English loanwords in modern Chinese and the effects on enriching Chinese vocabulary and daily communication. The author analyses the language function, cultural function and social function of loanword based on the observation of abundant linguistic materials and finds out some new characteristics and existing problems in the use of English loanword in Chinese at present. This paper mainly discusses from the following five aspects:

(1)Introduction: This part mainly introduces the definition and research status of loanword in China. And the author introduces the significance and value of

this topic briefly.

(2) The author takes the English loanwords which are added in Chinese vocabulary in recent ten years as the carrier and analyses the composition of English loanword based on linguistic knowledge.

(3) The author analyses the most common and familiar loanwords and investigates the localization of original words in pronunciation, word formation and semantics.

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