《海边的卡夫卡》中少年成长主题毕业论文_汉语言文学毕业论文

《海边的卡夫卡》中少年成长主题毕业论文

2021-04-07更新

摘 要

《海边的卡夫卡》是村上春树于 2002 年出版的长篇小说,小说主要讲述了少年田村卡对抗命运,成长为最顽强的十五岁少年并重返现实世界的故事。本文将从其少年成长的主题入手,对作者选择这一主题的目的进行分析,阐述作者想要传达的创作理念。《海边的卡夫卡》在主题上是一部成长小说,描述了主人公田村卡夫卡离家出走后经历了种种艰险,最终成长为“最顽强的十五岁少年”的过程。村上春树通过对古希腊经典悲剧《俄狄浦斯王》的二次创作,塑造了田村卡夫卡如同神话般奇幻的成长经历,谱写了一部后现代主义背景下的神话。村上春树借助神话这一人类历史中经久不衰的文学形式,传达了他对于少年需经历怎样的苦难才能成长为成人这一过程的思考,以及对他对成人世界中凶顽与温存并存的观点。

关键词:村上春树;《海边的卡夫卡》;少年成长

The juvenile growth theme of ” Kafka on the Shore “

Abstract

Kafka on the Shore” was written by Murakami Haruki in 2002, the novel, he novel tells the story of juvenile Tamura Kafka fight against the fate and became the most tenacious fifteen years old boy then return to the real world. This article will start from the theme of its juvenile growth, analyze the reason that why the author chooses the theme, and what exactly the author wants to convey through the creative ideas. In the theme “Kafka on the Shore” is a growing novel, describes the protagonist Tamura Kafka went through all the hardships after leaving home, and ultimately grow into “the most tenacious fifteen years old boy”. Murakami Haruki through the re-creation of the ancient Greek classic tragedy “Oedipus the king“, shaping the Tamura Kafka’s fabulous fantasy growth experience, and write a myth of the postmodernist background. With the the enduring form of literature—myth, Murakami Haruki conveyed his poinion on the process how a juvenile go through all the difficulties and ultimately become an adult, and his view that both fierce and gentle coexist in adult world.

Key words:Murakami Haruki; “Kafka on the Shore“; juvenile growth;

目录

前 言 . – 1 –

1 村上春树与《海边的卡夫卡》…………………………………………………………………………………. – 1 –

2 田村卡夫卡的成长经历……………………………………………………………………………………………. – 3 –

2.1 与诅咒的抗争……………………………………………………………………………………………….. – 3 –

2.2 在森林世界的选择………………………………………………………………………………………… – 5 –

2.3 来自他人的帮助……………………………………………………………………………………………. – 6 –

3 田村卡夫卡的成长与神话故事中英雄成长的异同…………………………………………………….. – 9 –

3.1 《海边的卡夫卡》与神话的共性…………………………………………………………………… – 9 –

3.2 《海边的卡夫卡》与《俄狄浦斯王》的差异……………………………………………….. – 12 –

结 语 …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… – 14 –

致 谢 …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… – 15 –

参考文献 ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… – 16 –

前 言

2002 年村上春树发表《海边的卡夫卡》一书后,迅速在海内外引起广泛关注。小说以双线的叙事结构,讲述了一个带有明显的村上春树风格,即虚构与现实相互融合,读起来却仍然自然的少年成长故事。

目前学术界对于《海边的卡夫卡》的研究涉及到整部书的方方面面,包括对小说原型的对比与研究、小说中暴力元素的研究、卡夫卡与父母关系的研究乃至对村上春树本人的写作手法研究。但是在所有的研究当中对于小说主人公田村卡夫卡本人及其所代表的少年群体的研究却屈指可数。

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