论谢灵运的山水诗创作毕业论文_汉语言文学毕业论文

论谢灵运的山水诗创作毕业论文

2021-04-03更新

摘 要

Abstract……………………………………..………………………………………….…………..…….…2

绪论………………………………………………………………………………………………….……….1

1 “人”与“世”对谢灵运山水诗创作的影响……………………………………………………….…2

1.1 身世遭遇与复杂思想………………………………………………………………………..……..…2

1.2 特殊的时代背景……………………………………………………………………….………….…3

2 谢灵运山水诗艺术特色………………………………………………………………………………………….…5

2.1 雕琢中见自然的诗风………………………………………………………………………….….…5

2.2 细致巧妙的结构布局和情景交融的艺术境界………………………………………………….…5

2.3 多种修辞手法的运用 ………………………………………………………………….…….……7

2.3.1 对偶 ………………………………………………………………………………….…………7

2.3.2 用典 ………………………………………………………………………….…………………8

2.3.3 遣词炼字 ……………………………………………………………………..……………10

3 谢灵运山水诗的继承与影响……………………………………………………………………………….……12

3.1 谢灵运山水诗对前代名家创作的继承……………………………………………………………12

3.2 谢灵运山水诗在后代的地位与影响…………………………………………….…………………….13

结论………………………………………………………………………………………………………….15

参考文献……………………………………………………………………………………………………16

致谢…………………………………………………………………………………………….………17

摘 要

对于中国古代诗歌发展来说,谢灵运在诗歌由汉魏晋到宋齐梁陈的转变中具有关键性的桥梁作用。而谢诗中以山水诗数量最大且成就最高。谢灵运是公认的山水诗的创立者,他将时代从玄言诗的桎梏中解放出来,使山水成为独立的审美对象,使山水诗成为诗歌发展历程中独立的诗歌题材。其山水诗多描绘永嘉、会稽、彭蠡等地的自然景色,大力发掘自然美,具有很高的艺术价值。本文除绪论和结论外由三部分组成。第一部分运用知人论世的方法,探讨谢灵运的身世遭遇、性格特征、复杂思想以及时代因素对谢灵运山水诗创作的影响;第二部分回归谢诗本身,具体分析谢灵运山水诗的艺术特色,包括其诗风、章法结构、情景关系、修辞手法;第三部分主要探讨谢灵运山水诗对前代名家创作的继承及其在当时至后代的地位与影响。

关键词:山水诗;艺术特色;诗风;修辞手法

ABSTRACT

For the development of ancient Chinese poetry, Xie Lingyun played a key role in the transformation of poetry from Han, Wei, Jin to Song, Qi, Liang and Chen. Among all the Xie Lingyun’s poems, Landscape Poetry has the largest quantity and the highest achievements. Xie Lingyun is the founder of Landscape Poetry in ancient china. He liberated the times from the shackles of the Xuanyan Poetry, made the landscape become an independent aesthetic object, and made Landscape Poetry an independent poetic theme in the course of the development of poetry. His Landscape Poetry depicted the natural scenery of Yongjia, Kuaiji and Pengli, and explored the natural beauty. It has high artistic value. This article consists of three parts besides introduction and conclusion. The first part discusses Xie Lingyun’s family background, life experience, character characteristics, complicated thoughts and the influence of the times on his landscape poetry creation by using the method of commenting the man and the world. The second part returns to Xie poetry itself and analyzes the artistic features of Xie Lingyun’s landscape poetry, including its poetic style, structure of composition, situational relation and rhetoric. The third part mainly discusses the inheritance of Xie Lingyun’s landscape poems to the creation of previous famous poets and their status and influence from then to future generations.

Key words:Landscape Poetry;artistic features;poetic style;rhetorical devices

绪 论

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